BASIC ELECTRONICS VTU CBCS Syllabus Notes and Question Papers

15ELN15 / 15ELN25

Course objectives: 
The course objective is to make students of all the branches of Engineering to understand the efficacy of Electronic principles which are pervasive in engineering applications.
Module 1

Semiconductor Diodes and Applications (Text-1): p-n junction diode, Characteristics and Parameters, Diode approximations, DC load line analysis, Half-wave rectifier, Two-diode Full-wave rectifier, Bridge rectifier, Capacitor filter circuit (only qualitative approch), Zener diode voltage regulators: Regulator circuit with no load, Loaded Regulator. Numerical examples as applicable. 

Bipolar Junction Transistors: BJT operation, BJT Voltages and Currents, BJT amplification, Common Base, Common Emitter and Common Collector Characteristics, Numerical examples as applicable.

Module 2

BJT Biasing (Text-1): DC Load line and Bias Point, Base Bias, Voltage divider Bias, Numerical examples as applicable. 

Introduction to Operational Amplifiers (Text-2): Ideal OPAMP, Inverting and Non Inverting OPAMP circuits, OPAMP applications: voltage follower, addition, subtraction, integration, differentiation; Numerical examples as applicable.

Module 3

Digital Electronics (Text-2): Introduction, Switching and Logic Levels, Digital Waveform (Sections 9.1to 9.3). Number Systems: Decimal Number System, Binary Number System, Converting Decimal to Binary, Hexadecimal Number System: Converting Binary to Hexadecimal, Hexadecimal to Binary, Converting Hexadecimal to Decimal, Converting Decimal to Hexadecimal, Octal Numbers: Binary to Octal Conversion. Complement of Binary Numbers. Boolean Algebra Theorems, De Morgan’s theorem. Digital Circuits: Logic gates, NOT Gate, AND Gate, OR Gate, XOR Gate, NAND Gate, NOR Gate, X-NOR Gate. Algebraic Simplification, NAND and NOR Implementation (Sections 11.7 and 11.8): NAND Implementation, NOR Implementation. Half adder, Full adder.

Module 4

Flip-Flops (Text-2): Introduction to Flip-Flops (Section 12.1), NAND Gate Latch/ NOR Gate Latch, RS Flip-Flop, Gated Flip-Flops: Clocked RS Flip-Flop (Sections 12.3 to 12.5). 

Microcontrollers (Ref.1): Introduction to Microcontrollers, 8051 Microcontroller Architecture and an example of Microcontroller based stepper motor control system (only Block Diagram approach).

Module 5

Communication Systems (Text-2): Introduction, Elements of Communication Systems, Modulation: Amplitude Modulation, Spectrum Power, AM Detection (Demodulation), Frequency and Phase Modulation. Amplitude and Frequency Modulation: A comparison. 

Transducers (Text-2): Introduction, Passive Electrical Transducers, Resistive Transducers, Resistance Thermometers, Thermistor. Linear Variable Differential Transformer (LVDT). Active Electrical Transducers, Piezoelectric Transducer, Photoelectric Transducer.

Course outcomes:
  • After studying this course, students will be able to:
  • Appreciate the significance of electronics in different applications,
  • Understand the applications of diode in rectifiers, filter circuits and wave shaping,
  • Apply the concept of diode in rectifiers, filters circuits
  • Design simple circuits like amplifiers (inverting and non inverting), comparators, adders, integrator and differentiator using OPAMPS,
  • Compile the different building blocks in digital electronics using logic gates and implement simple logic function using basic universal gates
  • Understand the functioning of a communication system, and different modulation technologies
  • Understand the basic principles of different types of Transuducers.

Text Books:
1. David A. Bell, “Electronic Devices and Circuits”, Oxford University
Press, 5th Edition, 2008.
2. D.P. Kothari, I. J. Nagrath, “Basic Electronics”, McGraw Hill
Education (India) Private Limited, 2014.

Reference Books: 
Muhammad Ali Mazidi, “The 8051 Microcontroller and
Embedded. Systems. Using Assembly and C.” Second Edition, 2011,
Pearson India.